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Description of the OSLIN system

Topoynym and Demonym Dictionary

The toponym module modules relations between toponyms and demonyms, such as for instance the fact that the way to express thing from France is by the use of the adjective French. Most denonyms are formed by means of regular morphology, however, given that most languages have more than one productive way to produce demonyms, it is still lexically determined that one says Swedish and not Swedian.

The information about denomyms is stored in three different tables. The first table is the lemmalist, where the adjectival and/or nominal forms are stored. The second table is a table of proper names, where the toponyms themselves are stored. For toponyms, the names database provides information about which larger toponym it forms part of - so regions or cities which country they belong to, and for countries which continent they belong to. And the third table is a relational table that defines which lexical item is the demonym of which toponym.

The data about the demonyms is displayed in either of two ways: the information can be displayed directly with the page for the demonyms themselves. So for instance, with the demonym module in place, the page for a demonym like Swedish will, below the inflectional paradigm and the derivational links, display the information that it is the demonym of the word Swedish. But the information is also displayed as a dedicated dictionary. The dictionary is presented on the Portal like a stand-alone set of data, and provides an alphabetic list of toponyms with their corresponding demonym(s), and provides a search function to search on either a demonym or a toponym. Furthermore, it is possible to click on a country or a continent to get a list of all the toponyms for that country or continent. The demonym dictionary is provided for instance for Portuguese, which can be consulted here.

Given the distributed nature of denomymic information, the toponym module has its own dedicated administration module. The administration module makes it possible to add (additional) demonyms to a toponym, or when the toponym does not exist yet, first create the toponym and subsequently add a demonym to it.

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